An oil seal, often called a grease or dirt seal, is a type of seal utilized to retain grease in a case or housing. Oil seals close spaces between stationary and moving components in mechanical equipment, helping prevent lubricant escape. Preventing harmful containments from entering machinery is another critical function of an oil seal. In a typical application, the oil seal is installed adjacent to a bearing, sealing in or sealing out, as necessary, the various liquids, gases or solids encountered by the particular mechanism.
Oil seals are available in numerous lip materials. Popular materials include felt, leather, urethane, nitrile, polyacrylate, ethylene-acrylic or polyacrylic, silicone, fluoro-elastomer, tetrafluoro-ethylene propylene and PTFE. Use of one material over another is application specific, as materials will have different temperature and speed ranges. Oil seals also come in numerous constructions. Of particular note is the number of lips, with single and double lip being the most popular. Many popular styles of oil seals will utilize a spring on the lip to increase sealing capabilities. Some oil seals have a coated metal casing with a “rubber” lip while other seals will be a uniform with the lip material. Available in a wide array of sizes, both inch and metric, most oil seals are interchangeable between manufacturers. Critical dimensions on an oil seal include the inside diameter or bore (the OD of the shaft the seal rides on), the outside diameter (often called the housing bore) and the width. The ID and the OD are the most critical dimensions, as it is the oil seal lip that actually does the sealing. In most applications, a replacement seal that is thinner in width than the original will work, as it will still fit into the grove provided. Depending on this groove dimension, on occasion, a wider replacement seal will also work. Oil seals should not be confused with U-Cups or Packings that are designed to handle higher pressure. A standard oil seal is designed to handle low or no pressure.
Oil seals are generally the least expensive component in a mechanical system, but they serve to be the most important, as they protect the more expensive components, such as the bearings and gears. The most common failure mode for most bearings is a lack of or improper lubrication. The grease seal keeps the correct amount of lubrication in and the harmful contaminants out. Regularily checking and replacing the oil seal is critical to successful preventive maintenance programs. Please contact a Bearing Service representative to find the right oil seal for your application.
Here is a list of Manufacturers / Brands that we represent:
- Timken (National)
- Dichtomatik (Transcom)
- JM Clipper
- International Seal
- American Metric